Gene Summary

Name:
protein associated with topoisomerase II homolog 1 (yeast)
Synonyms:
Pat1b

IMPC Phenotype Summary

Significant
Not Significant
Not tested

Phenotypes

The IMPC applies a panel of phenotyping screens to characterise single-gene knockout mice by comparison to wild types. Click on the different tabs to visualise significant phenotypes identified by the IMPC, as well as all data that was measured.

Phenotype System Allele Zyg Sex Life Stage P Value
unresponsive to tactile stimuli Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HET E18.5 0.00
decreased prepulse inhibition Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HET Early adult 1.54×10-06
unresponsive to tactile stimuli Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HOM E18.5 0.00
decreased fasting circulating glucose level Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HET Early adult 8.59×10-05
preweaning lethality, complete penetrance Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HOM Early adult 0.00
decreased grip strength Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HET Early adult 1.03×10-15
preweaning lethality, incomplete penetrance Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HOM   Early adult 0.00
tremors Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi HET   Early adult 5.93×10-05

Download data as:  TSV  XLS

Select physiological systems to view:
Viewing: all phenotypes
Select physiological systems to view:
Viewing: all phenotypes

lacZ Expression

An assay measuring the expression of lacZ shows the tissue where the gene is expressed.

Anatomy Images Zygosity Mutant Expr
Adrenal gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Aorta N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Bone N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Brain N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Brainstem N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Brown adipose tissue N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cartilage tissue N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cecum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cerebellum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cerebral cortex N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Esophagus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Eye N/A heterozygote Not available
Gall bladder N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Heart N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Hippocampus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Hypothalamus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Kidney N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Large intestine N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Liver N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Lower urinary tract N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Lung N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Lymph node N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Mammary gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Olfactory lobe N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Oral epithelium N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Ovary N/A heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Oviduct N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Pancreas N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Parathyroid gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Peripheral nervous system N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Peyer's patch N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Pituitary gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Prostate gland N/A heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Skeletal muscle N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Skin N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Small intestine N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Spinal cord N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Spleen N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Stomach N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Striatum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Testis N/A heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Thymus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Thyroid gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Trachea N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Trigeminal V nerve N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Uterus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Vas deferens N/A heterozygote Not available
Vascular system N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
White adipose tissue N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)

An assay measuring the expression of lacZ shows the tissue where the gene is expressed.

Anatomy Images Zygosity Mutant Expr
Heart atrium N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Axial skeleton N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Brain N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Central nervous system ganglion N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Cranium N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Dorsal root ganglion N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Ear N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Embryo N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Outer ear N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Eye N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Femur pre-cartilage condensation N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Footplate N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Forearm N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Forebrain N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Forelimb N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Fronto-nasal process N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Gut N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Handplate N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Head mesenchyme N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Head N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Heart ventricle N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Heart N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Hindbrain N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Hindlimb N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Humerus pre-cartilage condensation N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Inner ear N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Intestine N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Liver N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Lower leg N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Lung N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Mandibular process N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Maxillary process N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Mesonephros of female N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Mesonephros of male N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Metanephros N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Midbrain N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Nasal septum N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Nose N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Notochord N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Oral cavity N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Outflow tract N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Pancreas N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Pharynx N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Radius-ulna pre-cartilage condensation N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Rib pre-cartilage condensation N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Skeleton N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Skin N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Spinal cord N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Stomach N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Tail somite N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Tail N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Thoracic vertebral cartilage condensation N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Tongue N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Trachea N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Trunk mesenchyme N/A heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Umbilical artery embryonic part N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Umbilical vein embryonic part N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Upper arm N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Upper leg N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Urinary system N/A heterozygote Ambiguous
Vibrissa N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)

Background staining occurs in wild type mice and embryos at an incidental rate.

Anatomy Background staining in controls (WT)
adrenal gland 0.0%
aorta 0.0%
bone 0.0%
brain 0.0%
brainstem 0.0%
brown adipose tissue 0.0%
cartilage tissue 0.0%
cecum 0.0%
cerebellum 0.0%
cerebral cortex 0.0%
esophagus 0.0%
eye 0.0%
gall bladder 0.0%
heart 0.0%
hippocampus 0.0%
hypothalamus 0.0%
kidney 0.0%
large intestine 0.0%
liver 0.0%
lower urinary tract 0.0%
lung 0.0%
lymph node 0.0%
mammary gland 0.0%
olfactory lobe 0.0%
oral epithelium 0.0%
ovary 0.0%
oviduct 0.0%
pancreas 0.0%
parathyroid gland 0.0%
peripheral nervous system 0.0%
peyers patch 0.0%
pituitary gland 0.0%
prostate gland 0.0%
skeletal muscle 0.0%
skin 0.0%
small intestine 0.0%
spinal cord 0.0%
spleen 0.0%
stomach 0.0%
striatum 0.0%
testis 0.0%
thymus 0.0%
thyroid gland 0.0%
trachea 0.0%
trigeminal v nerve 0.0%
uterus 0.0%
vas deferens Unavailable
vascular system 0.0%
white adipose tissue 0.0%

Background staining occurs in wild type mice and embryos at an incidental rate.

Background staining occurs in wild type embryos at a measurable rate.

Anatomy Background staining in controls(WT)
atrium Ambiguous
axial skeleton Ambiguous
brain 0.0%
central nervous system ganglion Ambiguous
cranium Ambiguous
dorsal root ganglion Ambiguous
ear 0.0%
embryo 0.0%
external ear Ambiguous
eye 0.0%
femur pre-cartilage condensation Ambiguous
footplate 0.0%
forearm Ambiguous
forebrain 0.0%
forelimb 0.0%
fronto-nasal process Ambiguous
gut Ambiguous
handplate 0.0%
head 0.0%
head mesenchyme Ambiguous
heart 0.0%
heart ventricle Ambiguous
hindbrain 0.0%
hindlimb 0.0%
humerus pre-cartilage condensation Ambiguous
inner ear Ambiguous
intestine Ambiguous
liver 0.0%
lower leg Ambiguous
lung 0.0%
mandibular process 0.0%
maxillary process 0.0%
mesonephros of female Ambiguous
mesonephros of male Ambiguous
metanephros Ambiguous
midbrain 0.0%
nasal septum Ambiguous
nose Ambiguous
notochord Ambiguous
oral cavity 0.0%
outflow tract Ambiguous
pancreas Ambiguous
pericardium Ambiguous
pharynx Ambiguous
radius-ulna pre cartilage condensation Ambiguous
rib pre-cartilage condensation Ambiguous
skeleton Ambiguous
skin 0.0%
spinal cord Ambiguous
stomach Ambiguous
tail 0.0%
tail somite group 0.0%
thoracic vertebral cartilage condensation Ambiguous
tongue Ambiguous
trachea Ambiguous
trunk mesenchyme Ambiguous
umbilical artery embryonic part Ambiguous
umbilical vein embryonic part Ambiguous
upper arm Ambiguous
upper leg Ambiguous
urinary system Ambiguous
vibrissa Ambiguous

Associated Images

Images submitted by IMPC centres for a selection of procedures. Each set of images is available to view in our image comparator.

X-ray

XRay Images Skull Lateral Orientation

9 Images

Eye Morphology

VIP of left fundus

16 Images

X-ray

XRay Images Skull Dorso Ventral Orientation

9 Images

X-ray

XRay Images Whole Body Dorso Ventral

9 Images

MicroCT E18.5

Embryo reconstruction

10 Images

X-ray

XRay Images Whole Body Lateral Orientation

9 Images

Eye Morphology

VIP of left eye

16 Images

Embryo LacZ

LacZ images wholemount

4 Images

Eye Morphology

VIP of right eye

16 Images

Adult LacZ

LacZ Images Wholemount

6 Images

Eye Morphology

VIP of right fundus

16 Images

X-ray

XRay Images Forepaw

9 Images

Immunophenotyping

Panel A FCS file(s)

6 Images

Immunophenotyping

Panel B FCS file(s)

6 Images

Human diseases caused by Patl1 mutations

The analysis uses data from IMPC, along with published data on other mouse mutants, in comparison to human disease reports in OMIM, Orphanet, and DECIPHER.

Phenotype comparisons summarize the similarity of mouse phenotypes with human disease phenotypes.

No human diseases associated to this gene by orthology or annotation.

The table below shows human diseases predicted to be associated to Patl1 by phenotypic similarity.

Disease Similarity of
phenotypes
Matching phenotypes Source
Primary Orthostatic Tremor
Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function ORPHA:238606
Optic Atrophy 2
Babinski sign, Dysdiadochokinesis, Tremor OMIM:311050
Cerebellar Ataxia, Impaired Intellectual Development, And Dysequilibrium Syndrome 3
Cerebellar ataxia associated with quadrupedal gait, Slurred speech, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:613227
Episodic Ataxia, Type 1
Episodic ataxia, Incoordination, Tremor, Babinski sign, Spastic gait, Slurred speech OMIM:160120
Parkinson Disease 24, Autosomal Dominant, Susceptibility To
Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication, Resting tremor, Rigidity OMIM:619491
Primary Dystonia, Dyt27 Type
Upper limb postural tremor, Laryngeal dystonia, Limb dystonia, Action tremor, Axial dystonia, Oro... ORPHA:464440
Dystonia 27
Laryngeal dystonia, Postural tremor, Limb dystonia, Action tremor, Torticollis, Writer's cramp, O... OMIM:616411
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 15/16
Upper limb postural tremor, Head tremor, Gait ataxia, Action tremor, Ataxia, Tremor by anatomical... ORPHA:98769
Tremor, Hereditary Essential, 1
Postural tremor, Action tremor, Hand tremor OMIM:190300
Episodic Ataxia With Slurred Speech
Gait ataxia, Tremor, Slurred speech ORPHA:401953
Dystonia 3, Torsion, X-Linked
Chorea, Myoclonus, Tremor, Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication, Torsi... OMIM:314250
Impaired Intellectual Development With Spastic Paraplegia And Palmoplantar Hyperkeratosis
Spastic paraplegia, Tremor OMIM:309560
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 20
Postural tremor, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Action tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Palatal tremor OMIM:608687
Primary Dystonia, Dyt13 Type
Involuntary movements, Generalized dystonia, Torsion dystonia, Postural tremor, Limb dystonia, Ac... ORPHA:98807
Leukoencephalopathy, Brain Calcifications, And Cysts
Spasticity, Hemiplegia, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Abnormal pyramidal ... OMIM:614561
Myoclonus, Familial, 1
Myoclonus, Action tremor, Ataxia, Action myoclonus, Frequent falls OMIM:614937
Tremor, Hereditary Essential, 6
Kinetic tremor, Postural tremor, Head tremor, Vocal tremor OMIM:618866
Tremor, Hereditary Essential, 5
Tongue tremor, Bradykinesia, Postural tremor, Kinetic tremor, Intention tremor OMIM:616736
Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Autosomal Recessive 6
Involuntary movements, Postural tremor, Myoclonus, Torticollis, Kinetic tremor OMIM:611092
Tremor, Hereditary Essential, 4
Postural tremor, Action tremor OMIM:614782
Segawa Syndrome, Autosomal Recessive
Gait ataxia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Rigidity, Limb dyst... OMIM:605407
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 43
Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Rigidity, Ataxia OMIM:617018
Huntington Disease-Like Syndrome Due To C9Orf72 Expansions
Chorea, Myoclonus, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Ataxia, Upper motor neuron dysfunction, Dystonia ORPHA:401901
Parkinsonism With Spasticity, X-Linked
Spasticity, Resting tremor, Cogwheel rigidity, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism, Bradykinesia OMIM:300911
Neurodevelopmental Disorder With Impaired Speech And Hyperkinetic Movements
Chorea, Tremor, Hyperkinetic movements, Torticollis, Ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:618425
Cerebellar Hypoplasia/Atrophy, Epilepsy, And Global Developmental Delay
Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:213000
Leukoencephalopathy With Brainstem And Spinal Cord Involvement And Lactate Elevation
Babinski sign, Spasticity, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:611105
Parkinson Disease 15, Autosomal Recessive Early-Onset
Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Rigidity, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism, Lowe... OMIM:260300
Parkinson Disease 13, Autosomal Dominant, Susceptibility To
Bradykinesia, Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication, Tremor, Rigidity OMIM:610297
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 40
Spastic paraparesis, Dysdiadochokinesis, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Ankle clonus, Ataxia, In... OMIM:616053
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 20
Upper limb postural tremor, Laryngeal dystonia, Bradykinesia, Gait ataxia, Abnormal pyramidal sig... ORPHA:101110
Sandhoff Disease, Adult Form
Spasticity, Fasciculations, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Focal dystonia, Dystonia ORPHA:309169
Dystonia 11, Myoclonic
Myoclonus, Writer's cramp, Tremor, Torticollis OMIM:159900
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 31
Spasticity, Gait ataxia, Tremor ORPHA:217012
Dyskinesia, Limb And Orofacial, Infantile-Onset
Chorea, Tremor, Hyperkinetic movements, Frequent falls, Hemiballismus OMIM:616921
Congenital Glucokinase-Related Hyperinsulinism
Hand tremor, Fasting hyperinsulinemia, Recurrent hypoglycemia, Hypoketotic hypoglycemia, Type II ... ORPHA:79299
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 37
Frequent falls, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:615945
Parkinson Disease 11, Autosomal Dominant, Susceptibility To
Bradykinesia, Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication, Resting tremor, Ri... OMIM:607688
Infantile-Onset Generalized Dyskinesia With Orofacial Involvement
Chorea, Frequent falls, Hemiballismus, Tremor ORPHA:494526
Dyskinesia With Orofacial Involvement, Autosomal Recessive
Dystonia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Frequent falls OMIM:619647
Epilepsy, Progressive Myoclonic, 1B
Myoclonus, Tremor, Dysmetria, Babinski sign, Ataxia OMIM:612437
Dystonia, Dopa-Responsive
Spasticity, Resting tremor, Incoordination, Postural tremor, Cogwheel rigidity, Gait ataxia, Dyst... OMIM:128230
Spastic Paraparesis And Deafness
Spastic paraparesis, Tremor OMIM:312910
Tremor, Hereditary Essential, And Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Kinetic tremor, Tremor OMIM:611808
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive 4
Spasticity, Fasciculations, Myoclonus, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Babinski sign, Abnormal pyramidal sig... OMIM:607317
Tremor, Hereditary Essential, 2
Upper limb postural tremor, Kinetic tremor OMIM:602134
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, X-Linked 5
Action tremor, Ataxia OMIM:300703
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 38
Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:615957
Dystonia 13, Torsion, Autosomal Dominant
Blepharospasm, Limb dystonia, Tremor, Torticollis, Writer's cramp, Torsion dystonia, Oromandibula... OMIM:607671
Spastic Ataxia 2, Autosomal Recessive
Spasticity, Fasciculations, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Ankle clonus, Babinski sign, Spastic ... OMIM:611302
Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Late-Onset, Finkel Type
Tremor, Fasciculations OMIM:182980
Hyperphenylalaninemia, Bh4-Deficient, D
Hypertonia, Tremor OMIM:264070
Primary Dystonia, Dyt2 Type
Blepharospasm, Involuntary movements, Generalized dystonia, Limb dystonia, Tremor, Torticollis, T... ORPHA:99657
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 38
Gait ataxia, Tremor ORPHA:423296
Optic Atrophy 3, Autosomal Dominant
Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function OMIM:165300
Adult Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
Spasticity, Myoclonus, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Clumsiness, Abnormal... ORPHA:79262
Migraine, Familial Hemiplegic, 1
Ataxia, Hemiplegia, Tremor, Hemiparesis OMIM:141500
Epilepsy, Progressive Myoclonic 7
Myoclonus, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:616187
Atypical Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration
Spasticity, Chorea, Limb dystonia, Upper motor neuron dysfunction, Tremor, Rigidity, Clumsiness, ... ORPHA:216873
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12
Postural tremor, Limb dysmetria, Action tremor, Intention tremor, Parkinsonism, Abnormal pyramida... ORPHA:98762
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 12
Head tremor, Action tremor, Dysmetria, Axial dystonia, Parkinsonism, Dysdiadochokinesis, Progress... OMIM:604326
Parkinson Disease 7, Autosomal Recessive Early-Onset
Blepharospasm, Resting tremor, Postural tremor, Leg dystonia, Rigidity, Parkinsonism with favorab... OMIM:606324
Dystonia 24
Blepharospasm, Arm dystonia, Head tremor, Limb tremor, Torticollis, Oromandibular dystonia OMIM:615034
Atp13A2-Related Juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
Postural tremor, Myoclonus, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism with favorabl... ORPHA:314632
Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia Type 1
Spastic paraplegia, Limb ataxia, Tremor, Babinski sign, Spastic ataxia, Lower limb spasticity, Hy... ORPHA:251282
Encephalopathy, Progressive, With Or Without Lipodystrophy
Spasticity, Tetraparesis, Myoclonus, Tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:615924
Striatal Degeneration, Autosomal Dominant 1
Tremor, Rigidity, Bradykinesia, Dysdiadochokinesis, Slurred speech OMIM:609161
Corticobasal Syndrome
Involuntary movements, Limb myoclonus, Progressive extrapyramidal muscular rigidity, Speech aprax... ORPHA:454887
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive 16
Spasticity, Limb ataxia, Tremor, Ankle clonus, Babinski sign, Truncal ataxia OMIM:615768
Neuronopathy, Distal Hereditary Motor, Autosomal Dominant 7
Vocal cord paresis, Vocal cord paralysis, Tremor OMIM:158580
Dystonia 28, Childhood-Onset
Spasticity, Laryngeal dystonia, Myoclonus, Retrocollis, Tremor, Craniofacial dystonia, Torticolli... OMIM:617284
Parkinson Disease 17
Resting tremor, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Bradykinesia OMIM:614203
Parkinson Disease 6, Autosomal Recessive Early-Onset
Resting tremor, Bradykinesia, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Dystonia OMIM:605909
Cranio-Cervical Dystonia With Laryngeal And Upper-Limb Involvement
Blepharospasm, Upper limb postural tremor, Hand tremor, Limb dystonia, Myoclonus, Torticollis, Or... ORPHA:420485
X-Linked Non Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia
Action tremor, Clumsiness, Truncal ataxia, Nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia, Spastic dysarthria, ... ORPHA:314978
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 18
Tremor, Dysmetria, Babinski sign, Progressive gait ataxia, Dysdiadochokinesis OMIM:607458
Dystonia-Parkinsonism-Hypermanganesemia Syndrome
Spasticity, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Ankle clonus, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism, Scissor gait, Oroman... ORPHA:521406
Epilepsy, Familial Adult Myoclonic, 4
Myoclonus, Tremor OMIM:615127
Basal Ganglia Calcification, Idiopathic, 1
Chorea, Limb dysmetria, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Parkinsonism, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Bradyk... OMIM:213600
Parkinsonism-Dystonia 1, Infantile-Onset
Oculogyric crisis, Chorea, Limb dystonia, Cogwheel rigidity, Tremor, Rigidity, Hyperkinetic movem... OMIM:613135
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy-Corticobasal Syndrome
Involuntary movements, Limb myoclonus, Progressive extrapyramidal muscular rigidity, Tremor, Rigi... ORPHA:240103
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 37
Cogwheel rigidity, Limb dysmetria, Myoclonus, Tremor, Truncal ataxia, Dysdiadochokinesis ORPHA:363710
Dystonia 12
Bradykinesia, Tremor, Parkinsonism, Torticollis, Dystonia OMIM:128235
Epilepsy, Early-Onset, 5, With Or Without Developmental Delay
Myoclonus, Tremor OMIM:615400
Neurodevelopmental Disorder With Hyperkinetic Movements And Dyskinesia
Dystonia, Myoclonus, Tremor OMIM:619651
Spastic Paraplegia 6, Autosomal Dominant
Spastic paraplegia, Tremor, Babinski sign, Lower limb spasticity, Clonus, Spastic gait OMIM:600363
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14
Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Rigidity, Progressive cerebellar ataxia ORPHA:98763
Dystonia 7, Torsion
Blepharospasm, Hand tremor, Clumsiness, Torticollis, Writer's cramp, Torsion dystonia, Oromandibu... OMIM:602124
Hyperphenylalaninemia, Bh4-Deficient, C
Myoclonus, Tremor, Hypertonia, Dystonia, Choreoathetosis OMIM:261630
Dyskinesia With Orofacial Involvement, Autosomal Dominant
Involuntary movements, Resting tremor, Chorea, Myoclonus, Limb hypertonia, Dystonia, Paroxysmal d... OMIM:606703
Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Neuronal, 13 (Kufs Type)
Gait ataxia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Babinski sign, Ataxia OMIM:615362
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 48
Chorea, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism, Ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:618093
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 7
Spasticity, Chorea, Dysmetria, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Babinski sig... OMIM:164500
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 23
Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Dysmetria, Babinski sign OMIM:610245
Non-Insulinoma Pancreatogenous Hypoglycemia Syndrome
Hyperinsulinemia, Hypoketotic hypoglycemia, Reactive hypoglycemia, Tremor, Hyperinsulinemic hypog... ORPHA:276608
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 50
Chorea, Head tremor, Myoclonus, Action tremor, Postural tremor, Apraxia, Ataxia OMIM:620158
Dystonia 2, Torsion, Autosomal Recessive
Blepharospasm, Torsion dystonia, Tremor, Torticollis OMIM:224500
Epilepsy, Familial Adult Myoclonic, 3
Myoclonus, Tremor OMIM:613608
Monomelic Amyotrophy
Tremor, Fasciculations ORPHA:65684
Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 8
Tremor, Dysmetria, Ataxia OMIM:617917
Autosomal Spastic Paraplegia Type 58
Spasticity, Frequent falls, Fasciculations, Chorea, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Titubation, Tremor, B... ORPHA:397946
Intellectual Developmental Disorder With Speech Delay And Axonal Peripheral Neuropathy
Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:619099
Parkinson Disease 2, Autosomal Recessive Juvenile
Pill-rolling tremor, Resting tremor, Postural tremor, Cogwheel rigidity, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Rig... OMIM:600116
Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 3
Blepharospasm, Spasticity, Laryngeal dystonia, Chorea, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Babinski sign,... OMIM:606159
Familial Dyskinesia And Facial Myokymia
Resting tremor, Chorea, Myoclonus, Limb hypertonia, Dystonia ORPHA:324588
Hereditary Motor And Sensory Neuropathy, Okinawa Type
Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles, Limb fasciculations, Abnormal glucose homeostasis, ... ORPHA:90117
Neurodegeneration With Ataxia, Dystonia, And Gaze Palsy, Childhood-Onset
Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Oculomotor apraxia, Ataxia,... OMIM:617145
Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Autosomal Dominant 60, With Seizures
Chorea, Gait ataxia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Truncal ataxia OMIM:618587
X-Linked Dystonia-Parkinsonism
Blepharospasm, Resting tremor, Progressive extrapyramidal muscular rigidity, Hand tremor, Torsion... ORPHA:53351
X-Linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome
Spasticity, Spastic paraparesis, Resting tremor, Cogwheel rigidity, Ankle clonus, Babinski sign, ... ORPHA:363654
Developmental Delay And Seizures With Or Without Movement Abnormalities
Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:617836
Parkinsonism-Dystonia 3, Childhood-Onset
Chorea, Action tremor, Tremor, Hyperkinetic movements, Parkinsonism, Hypertonia, Ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:619738
Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndrome 2
Myoclonus, Tremor, Rigidity, Lower limb spasticity, Paraparesis, Hypertonia, Ataxia, Progressive ... OMIM:612736
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive 2
Spasticity, Incoordination, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:213200
Parkinsonism-Dystonia 2, Infantile-Onset
Oculogyric crisis, Incoordination, Tremor, Parkinsonism, Ataxia, Dystonia, Dysdiadochokinesis OMIM:618049
Developmental And Epileptic Encephalopathy 32
Myoclonus, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:616366
Cataract-Ataxia-Deafness Syndrome
Hypertonia, Tremor, Ataxia ORPHA:1368
Myoclonic-Atonic Epilepsy
Eyelid myoclonus, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:616421
Coenzyme Q10 Deficiency, Primary, 9
Myoclonus, Tremor, Dysmetria, Lower limb spasticity, Ataxia OMIM:619028
Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Complementation Group G
Spasticity, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:278780
Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due To Ubiquinone Deficiency
Myoclonus, Tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Dystonia, Progressive cerebellar ataxia ORPHA:139485
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 15
Postural tremor, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Action tremor, Truncal ataxia OMIM:606658
Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 7
Tremor, Dysmetria, Lower limb spasticity, Ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:617916
Hemiparkinsonism-Hemiatrophy Syndrome
Bradykinesia, Tremor, Hemiparesis, Parkinsonism, Dystonia ORPHA:306669
Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
Spasticity, Chorea, Myoclonus, Dysmetria, Tremor, Clumsiness, Myoclonic spasms, Ataxia, Dystonia,... ORPHA:79263
Mitochondrial Complex Iii Deficiency, Nuclear Type 2
Spastic paraparesis, Resting tremor, Incoordination, Limb fasciculations, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxi... OMIM:615157
Beta-Propeller Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration
Spastic paraparesis, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Dystonia ORPHA:329284
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy-Parkinsonism Syndrome
Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication, ... ORPHA:240085
Ataxia With Vitamin E Deficiency
Dysmetria, Hemiplegia/hemiparesis, Tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Hypertonia, Ataxia, Dystonia,... ORPHA:96
Cerebellar Ataxia, Impaired Intellectual Development, And Dysequilibrium Syndrome 2
Gait ataxia, Intention tremor, Dysmetria, Tremor, Ataxia, Truncal ataxia, Dysdiadochokinesis OMIM:610185
Leukoencephalopathy, Developmental Delay, And Episodic Neurologic Regression Syndrome
Spasticity, Hemiballismus, Myoclonus, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Parkinsonism, Head... OMIM:618877
Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome
Parkinsonism, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Tremor, Rigidity OMIM:260540
Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Autosomal Dominant 55, With Seizures
Gait ataxia, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:617831
Leukodystrophy, Hypomyelinating, 11
Spasticity, Myoclonus, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:616494
Hyperphenylalaninemia, Bh4-Deficient, A
Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Parkinsonism, Limb hypertonia, Hypertonia, Ataxia, Bradykinesia, Chor... OMIM:261640
Parkinson Disease 21
Parkinsonism, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity OMIM:616361
Severe Neurodegenerative Syndrome With Lipodystrophy
Insulin resistance, Poor motor coordination, Spasticity, Tetraparesis, Hyperinsulinemia, Limb dys... ORPHA:363400
Atypical Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome
Blepharospasm, Extrapyramidal muscular rigidity, Speech apraxia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, ... ORPHA:99750
Neurodevelopmental Disorder With Or Without Variable Movement Or Behavioral Abnormalities
Resting tremor, Chorea, Cogwheel rigidity, Myoclonus, Dystonia, Parkinsonism, Ataxia, Bradykinesi... OMIM:619725
Dopa-Responsive Dystonia Due To Sepiapterin Reductase Deficiency
Oculogyric crisis, Cerebral palsy, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Limb hypertonia, Dystonia ORPHA:70594
Kufor-Rakeb Syndrome
Spastic paraplegia, Spasticity, Myoclonus, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Babinski sign, Parkinsonis... OMIM:606693
Leukodystrophy, Hypomyelinating, 6
Spasticity, Tremor, Rigidity, Oculomotor apraxia, Ataxia, Dystonia, Choreoathetosis OMIM:612438
Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome 2
Dystonia, Choreoathetosis, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:612126
Parkinson Disease 14, Autosomal Recessive
Upper limb postural tremor, Spasticity, Pill-rolling tremor, Resting tremor, Hand tremor, Axial d... OMIM:612953
Parkinson Disease 18, Autosomal Dominant, Susceptibility To
Parkinsonism, Bradykinesia, Resting tremor, Rigidity OMIM:614251
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive 21
Spasticity, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Frequent falls OMIM:616719
Dentatorubral Pallidoluysian Atrophy
Blepharospasm, Involuntary movements, Dysdiadochokinesis, Limb ataxia, Myoclonus, Action tremor, ... ORPHA:101
Sensorineural Hearing Loss-Early Graying-Essential Tremor Syndrome
Tremor ORPHA:66633
Brain Dopamine-Serotonin Vesicular Transport Disease
Oculogyric crisis, Abnormality of coordination, Limb dystonia, Tremor, Dystonia, Parkinsonism, Hy... ORPHA:352649
Hypermanganesemia With Dystonia 2
Spasticity, Generalized dystonia, Limb dystonia, Tremor, Ankle clonus, Dystonia, Opisthotonus, Pa... OMIM:617013
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 42
Tremor, Babinski sign, Spastic ataxia, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Ataxia, Spastic gait OMIM:616795
Glutathionuria
Dysdiadochokinesis, Action tremor, Tremor OMIM:231950
Autosomal Recessive Cerebelloparenchymal Disorder Type 3
Poor motor coordination, Spasticity, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Oculomotor apraxia, Ataxia ORPHA:1170
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 21
Gait ataxia, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Rigidity, Progressive cerebell... ORPHA:98773
Intellectual Developmental Disorder, X-Linked, Syndromic 13
Spastic paraplegia, Spastic tetraplegia, Resting tremor, Tremor, Dystonia, Babinski sign, Parkins... OMIM:300055
Dystonia 1, Torsion, Autosomal Dominant
Blepharospasm, Generalized dystonia, Tremor, Babinski sign, Hypertonia, Torticollis, Torsion dyst... OMIM:128100
Spinocerebellar Ataxia 8
Spasticity, Incoordination, Tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Progressive cerebellar ataxia OMIM:608768
Neurodevelopmental Disorder, Mitochondrial, With Abnormal Movements And Lactic Acidosis, With Or Without Seizures
Hypoglycemia, Dysmetria, Tremor, Limb hypertonia, Hypertonia, Ataxia, Dystonia, Athetosis, Spasti... OMIM:617710
Tremor, Nystagmus, And Duodenal Ulcer
Kinetic tremor, Tremor OMIM:190310
Gerstmann-Straussler Disease
Spasticity, Limb ataxia, Myoclonus, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Apraxia, Truncal... OMIM:137440
Hypermanganesemia With Dystonia 1
Spastic paraparesis, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Pa... OMIM:613280
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 27
Hand tremor, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Truncal ataxia ORPHA:98764
Ataxia, Early-Onset, With Oculomotor Apraxia And Hypoalbuminemia
Chorea, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Oculomotor apraxia, Ataxia, Truncal ataxia, Dystonia OMIM:208920
Perry Syndrome
Parkinsonism, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function ORPHA:178509
Insulinoma
Fasting hyperinsulinemia, Recurrent hypoglycemia, Hyperinsulinemia, Reactive hypoglycemia, Tremor... ORPHA:97279
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive 30
Tremor, Titubation, Dysmetria, Ataxia OMIM:619405
Intellectual Developmental Disorder With Or Without Epilepsy Or Cerebellar Ataxia
Incoordination, Tremor, Oculomotor apraxia, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Ataxia, Eyelid myoclonus OMIM:618060
Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 5
Spastic paraparesis, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Dystonia OMIM:300894
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease
Spastic paraplegia, Generalized dystonia, Intention tremor, Tremor, Progressive spastic quadriple... OMIM:312080
Aceruloplasminemia
Blepharospasm, Involuntary movements, Chorea, Limb ataxia, Gait ataxia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkins... ORPHA:48818
Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy, X-Linked 1
Tremor, Fasciculations OMIM:313200
Parkinson Disease 8, Autosomal Dominant
Resting tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medi... OMIM:607060
Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome
Blepharospasm, Progressive extrapyramidal muscular rigidity, Axial dystonia, Tremor, Dystonia, Pa... ORPHA:240071
Leukodystrophy, Hypomyelinating, 8, With Or Without Oligodontia And/Or Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism
Spasticity, Gait ataxia, Intention tremor, Dysmetria, Tremor, Abnormal pyramidal sign, Ataxia, Dy... OMIM:614381
Epilepsy, Familial Adult Myoclonic, 2
Blepharospasm, Myoclonus, Tremor, Ataxia OMIM:607876
Pterin-4 Alpha-Carbinolamine Dehydratase Deficiency
Oculogyric crisis, Maturity-onset diabetes of the young, Cerebral palsy, Tremor, Parkinsonism, Hy... ORPHA:1578
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Itm2B-Related, 1
Spasticity, Hypertonia, Tremor, Rigidity OMIM:176500
Congenital Hyperinsulinism Due To Hnf4A Deficiency
Glycosuria, Hyperinsulinemia, Hypoketotic hypoglycemia, Tremor, Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, Fa... ORPHA:263455
Migraine, Familial Hemiplegic, 2
Episodic ataxia, Hemiplegia, Gait ataxia, Dysmetria, Hemiparesis, Tremor, Apraxia OMIM:602481
Spastic Paraplegia 9B, Autosomal Recessive
Spastic paraplegia, Spasticity, Pseudobulbar paralysis, Tremor, Babinski sign, Tetraplegia OMIM:616586
Parkinson Disease, Late-Onset
Resting tremor, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Dystonia OMIM:168600
Adult-Onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism
Progressive extrapyramidal movement disorder, Spasticity, Bradykinesia, Myoclonus, Tremor, Rigidi... ORPHA:199351
Glutaryl-Coa Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Poor motor coordination, Chorea, Limb dystonia, Tremor, Rigidity, Fasting hypoglycemia, Ataxia, D... ORPHA:25
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Blepharospasm, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Abnormal synaptic transmission ORPHA:683
Parkinson Disease 20, Early-Onset
Involuntary movements, Bradykinesia, Tremor, Rigidity, Parkinsonism, Dystonia, Eyelid apraxia OMIM:615530
Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 4
Spasticity, Generalized dystonia, Tremor, Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, Babinski ... OMIM:614298
Methemoglobinemia Due To Deficiency Of Methemoglobin Reductase
Opisthotonus, Hypertonia, Tremor OMIM:250800
Adult-Onset Autosomal Dominant Leukodystrophy
Upper limb postural tremor, Spasticity, Tetraparesis, Gait ataxia, Action tremor, Dysmetria, Trem... ORPHA:99027
O'Sullivan-Mcleod Syndrome
Tremor, Fasciculations ORPHA:99965
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive, With Axonal Neuropathy 2
Head tremor, Chorea, Gait ataxia, Limb ataxia, Tremor, Progressive gait ataxia, Abnormal pyramida... OMIM:606002
Dystonia, Dopa-Responsive, Due To Sepiapterin Reductase Deficiency
Spasticity, Oculogyric crisis, Tremor, Oculomotor apraxia, Ataxia, Dystonia, Frequent falls, Chor... OMIM:612716
Multiple System Atrophy 1, Susceptibility To
Tremor, Rigidity, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism, Ataxia, Bradykinesia OMIM:146500
Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 1
Blepharospasm, Spasticity, Tremor, Rigidity, Dystonia, Babinski sign, Parkinsonism, Abnormal pyra... OMIM:234200

Histopathology

Summary table of phenotypes displayed during the Histopathology procedure which are considered significant. Full histopathology data table, including submitted images, can be accessed by clicking any row in this table.

There is no histopathology data for Patl1

IMPC related publications

The table below lists publications which used either products generated by the IMPC or data produced by the phenotyping efforts of the IMPC. These publications have also been associated to Patl1.

No publications found that use IMPC mice or data for Patl1.

Order Mouse and ES Cells

All available products are supplied via our member's centres or partnerships. When ordering a product from the IMPC you will be redirected to one of their websites or prompted to start an email.

MGI Allele Allele Type Produced
Patl1tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi Reporter-tagged deletion allele (with selection cassette) Mice
Patl1tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Mice, Targeting vectors, ES Cells
Patl1tm2a(EUCOMM)Hmgu KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Targeting vectors, ES Cells

The IMPC Newsletter

Get highlights of the most important data releases, news and events, delivered straight to your email inbox

Subscribe to newsletter