Gene Summary

Name:
proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9
Synonyms:
Narc1

IMPC Data Collections

IMPC Phenotype Summary

Significant
Not Significant
Not tested

Phenotypes

The IMPC applies a panel of phenotyping screens to characterise single-gene knockout mice by comparison to wild types. Click on the different tabs to visualise significant phenotypes identified by the IMPC, as well as all data that was measured.

Phenotype System Allele Zyg Sex Life Stage P Value
increased circulating alkaline phosphatase level Pcsk9tm2b(EUCOMM)Hmgu HOM Early adult 5.10×10-15
increased circulating lipase level Pcsk9tm2b(EUCOMM)Hmgu HOM Early adult 2.14×10-07
increased circulating amylase level Pcsk9tm2b(EUCOMM)Hmgu HOM Early adult 3.59×10-05
decreased circulating HDL cholesterol level Pcsk9tm2b(EUCOMM)Hmgu HOM Early adult 3.93×10-21
decreased circulating cholesterol level Pcsk9tm2b(EUCOMM)Hmgu HOM Early adult 6.31×10-25

Download data as:  TSV  XLS

Select physiological systems to view:
Viewing: all phenotypes
Select physiological systems to view:
Viewing: all phenotypes

lacZ Expression

Expression data not available

Associated Images

Images submitted by IMPC centres for a selection of procedures. Each set of images is available to view in our image comparator.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Waveform Image

26 Images

X-ray

XRay Images Whole Body Dorso Ventral

7 Images

X-ray

XRay Images Whole Body Lateral Orientation

7 Images

Human diseases caused by Pcsk9 mutations

The analysis uses data from IMPC, along with published data on other mouse mutants, in comparison to human disease reports in OMIM, Orphanet, and DECIPHER.

Phenotype comparisons summarize the similarity of mouse phenotypes with human disease phenotypes.

The table below shows human diseases associated to Pcsk9 by orthology or direct annotation.

Disease Similarity of
phenotypes
Matching phenotypes Source
Hypercholesterolemia, Familial, 3
Hypercholesterolemia, Xanthelasma, Abnormal LDL cholesterol concentration OMIM:603776
Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Hepatic steatosis, Hypercholesterolemia, Hyperlipidemia ORPHA:391665

The table below shows human diseases predicted to be associated to Pcsk9 by phenotypic similarity.

Disease Similarity of
phenotypes
Matching phenotypes Source
Muscle Cramps, Familial
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:158400
Cramps, Familial Adolescent
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:218050
Isolated Asymptomatic Elevation Of Creatine Phosphokinase
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration ORPHA:206599
Pentosuria
Abnormality of circulating enzyme level, Abnormal circulating carbohydrate concentration ORPHA:2843
Proximal Myopathy With Focal Depletion Of Mitochondria
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:600706
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Axonal, Type 2Y
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:616687
Hypertriglyceridemia 2
Hypercholesterolemia, Decreased HDL cholesterol concentration, Hypertriglyceridemia OMIM:619324
Glycogen Storage Disease Xiii
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:612932
Xanthomatosis, Susceptibility To
Hypercholesterolemia OMIM:602247
Cholesterol-Ester Transfer Protein Deficiency
Hyperlipidemia, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypotriglyceridemia, Increased HDL ch... ORPHA:79506
Myopathy, Vacuolar, With Casq1 Aggregates
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:616231
Myopathy, Distal, Tateyama Type
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:614321
Muscular Dystrophy, Limb-Girdle, Autosomal Recessive 21
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:617232
Glycogen Storage Disease Ixa1
Hypercholesterolemia, Hepatomegaly, Hypertriglyceridemia, Elevated hepatic transaminase OMIM:306000
Glycine N-Methyltransferase Deficiency
Elevated hepatic transaminase, Hepatomegaly, Hypermethioninemia OMIM:606664
Muscular Dystrophy-Dystroglycanopathy (Limb-Girdle), Type C, 8
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:618135
Glycogen Storage Disease Vi
Hepatomegaly, Hyperlipidemia, Increased hepatic glycogen content, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertrig... OMIM:232700
Sitosterolemia 2
Hypercholesterolemia, Elevated circulating sitosterol concentration OMIM:618666
Coronary Artery Disease, Autosomal Dominant, 1
Hypercholesterolemia OMIM:608320
Chylomicron Retention Disease
Hypocholesterolemia, Hypotriglyceridemia, Steatorrhea, Hypoalbuminemia, Decreased LDL cholesterol... OMIM:246700
Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Iip
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Decreased circulating ceruloplasmin concentration, Decre... OMIM:616829
Vacuolar Myopathy With Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Protein Aggregates
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration ORPHA:88635
Bile Acid Synthesis Defect, Congenital, 1
Hepatomegaly, Giant cell hepatitis, Acholic stools, Hypocholesterolemia, Hyperbilirubinemia, Cirr... OMIM:607765
Hypercholesterolemia, Familial, 4
Hypercholesterolemia, Increased VLDL cholesterol concentration, Hypertriglyceridemia OMIM:603813
Hypertriglyceridemia, Transient Infantile
Hepatomegaly, Hepatic fibrosis, Hepatic steatosis, Hypertriglyceridemia, Elevated hepatic transam... OMIM:614480
Myopathy, Distal, With Anterior Tibial Onset
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:606768
Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3
Hyperlipidemia, Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Increased VLDL cholesterol concentration... OMIM:144250
Hyperlipoproteinemia, Type Ii, And Deafness
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia OMIM:144300
Myopathy With Storage Of Glycoproteins And Glycosaminoglycans
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:160570
Gaucher Disease, Atypical, Due To Saposin C Deficiency
Hypocholesterolemia, Hepatomegaly OMIM:610539
Microcephaly, Congenital Cataract, And Psoriasiform Dermatitis
Hypocholesterolemia, Decreased LDL cholesterol concentration OMIM:616834
Citrullinemia, Type Ii, Neonatal-Onset
Decreased HDL cholesterol concentration, Hyperbilirubinemia, Hypercholesterolemia, Cirrhosis, Hyp... OMIM:605814
Chylomicron Retention Disease
Hypocholesterolemia, Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets, Hepatic steatosis, Steatorrhea, Ele... ORPHA:71
Erythrocyte Lactate Transporter Defect
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:245340
Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Iio
Hepatomegaly, Elevated hepatic transaminase, Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Elevated ci... OMIM:616828
Cholestasis-Lymphedema Syndrome
Hepatomegaly, Hyperlipidemia, Cirrhosis, Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal cholestatic live... OMIM:214900
Peroxisome Biogenesis Disorder 3B
Hypocholesterolemia, Hepatomegaly, Steatorrhea OMIM:266510
Diarrhea 7, Protein-Losing Enteropathy Type
Hypercholesterolemia, Hyperlipidemia, Hypoalbuminemia OMIM:615863
Cholestasis, Progressive Familial Intrahepatic, 8
Hepatomegaly, Hepatic fibrosis, Bile duct proliferation, Elevated gamma-glutamyltransferase level... OMIM:619662
Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease
Hepatomegaly, Hypercholesterolemia, Cirrhosis, Hypertriglyceridemia, Hepatic failure, Jaundice ORPHA:75234
Myopathy Due To Malate-Aspartate Shuttle Defect
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:254960
Coronary Artery Disease, Autosomal Dominant 2
Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Hyperlipidemia OMIM:610947
Hepatic Lipase Deficiency
Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Increased HDL cholesterol concentration OMIM:614025
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic, Of Pregnancy, 1
Abnormal liver function tests during pregnancy, Elevated hepatic transaminase, Increased serum bi... OMIM:147480
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Autosomal Recessive, With Axonal Neuropathy 1
Hypercholesterolemia, Hypoalbuminemia OMIM:607250
Dimethylglycine Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration ORPHA:243343
Hypercholesterolemia, Familial, 3
Hypercholesterolemia, Xanthelasma, Abnormal LDL cholesterol concentration OMIM:603776
Bile Acid Conjugation Defect 1
Hepatomegaly, Elevated circulating aspartate aminotransferase concentration, Elevated circulating... OMIM:619232
Morbid Obesity And Spermatogenic Failure
Decreased HDL cholesterol concentration, Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Hypercholestero... OMIM:615703
Protoporphyria, Erythropoietic, X-Linked
Elevated hepatic transaminase, Increased erythrocyte protoporphyrin concentration, Cholelithiasis OMIM:300752
Dimethylglycine Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration, Elevated circulating N,N-dimethylglycine conc... OMIM:605850
Hypercholesterolemia, Familial, 2
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Xanthelasma, Hypercholesterolemia OMIM:144010
Analbuminemia
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Hypercholesterolemia, Elevated circulating transferrin c... OMIM:616000
Bile Acid Synthesis Defect, Congenital, 3
Hepatomegaly, Acholic stools, Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Steatorrhea, Elevated circulating alkaline ph... OMIM:613812
Ataxia With Vitamin E Deficiency
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Xanthelasma, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia OMIM:277460
Bile Acid Synthesis Defect, Congenital, 5
Hepatomegaly, Hepatic fibrosis, Portal fibrosis, Hyperbilirubinemia, Jaundice, Increased serum bi... OMIM:616278
Squalene Synthase Deficiency
Hypocholesterolemia, Decreased LDL cholesterol concentration, Increased circulating farnesol conc... OMIM:618156
Bile Acid Synthesis Defect, Congenital, 2
Hepatomegaly, Hyperbilirubinemia, Steatorrhea, Elevated circulating alkaline phosphatase concentr... OMIM:235555
Bile Acid Synthesis Defect, Congenital, 4
Hepatomegaly, Giant cell hepatitis, Elevated hepatic transaminase, Hyperbilirubinemia, Hepatic fa... OMIM:214950
Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency
Hepatosplenomegaly, Steatorrhea, Reduced lysosomal acid lipase activity, Portal hypertension, Dec... OMIM:278000
Low Phospholipid-Associated Cholelithiasis
Cholangitis, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Sclerosing cholangitis, Biliary tract obstruction, Choleli... ORPHA:69663
Biliary Atresia, Extrahepatic
Hepatomegaly, Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, Portal fibrosis, Acholic stools, Atretic gallbladd... OMIM:210500
Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Hypotonia, And Respiratory Insufficiency Syndrome, Neonatal Lethal
Hypocholesterolemia, Hepatomegaly OMIM:618810
Neutropenia, Severe Congenital, 8, Autosomal Dominant
Elevated hepatic transaminase, Steatorrhea OMIM:618752
Cholestasis, Progressive Familial Intrahepatic, 6
Periportal fibrosis, Elevated gamma-glutamyltransferase level, Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, Ele... OMIM:619484
Apolipoprotein C-Ii Deficiency
Hypercholesterolemia, Decreased circulating apolipoprotein C-II concentration, Hypertriglyceridem... OMIM:207750
Potocki-Lupski Syndrome
Hypocholesterolemia OMIM:610883
Maternal Uniparental Disomy Of Chromosome 4
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration, Decreased LDL cholesterol concentration, Hypo... ORPHA:96180
Hyperlipoproteinemia, Type V
Decreased LDL cholesterol concentration, Increased VLDL cholesterol concentration, Decreased HDL ... OMIM:144650
Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Ia
Hepatomegaly, Hepatic fibrosis, Hypocholesterolemia, Hepatic steatosis, Hypoalbuminemia, Elevated... OMIM:212065
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type 3
Bile duct proliferation, Hyperbilirubinemia, Cirrhosis, Elevated circulating aspartate aminotrans... ORPHA:79302
Hypercholesterolemia Due To Cholesterol 7Alpha-Hydroxylase Deficiency
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Acute hepatic steatosis, Hepatitis, Hypercholesterolemia... ORPHA:209902
Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis
Hepatomegaly, Hepatic fibrosis, Hyperlipidemia, Abnormal circulating fatty-acid concentration, Ch... ORPHA:567983
Abetalipoproteinemia
Hepatomegaly, Decreased HDL cholesterol concentration, Hepatic fibrosis, Elevated hepatic transam... ORPHA:14
Hyperlipoproteinemia, Type I
Hyperlipidemia, Lactescent serum, Hypercholesterolemia, Jaundice, Hepatosplenomegaly, Increased c... OMIM:238600
Neonatal Intrahepatic Cholestasis Due To Citrin Deficiency
Hypergalactosemia, Hyperammonemia, Hyperthreoninemia, Hepatosplenomegaly, Elevated circulating al... ORPHA:247598
Tangier Disease
Hypocholesterolemia, Hepatosplenomegaly, Hypertriglyceridemia ORPHA:31150
Alg12-Cdg
Hyponatremia, Hypoalbuminemia, Hypocholesterolemia, Abnormal enzyme/coenzyme activity, Elevated h... ORPHA:79324
Secondary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia
Decreased prealbumin level, Reduced circulating transferrin concentration, Hypocholesterolemia, S... ORPHA:90363
Gallbladder Disease 1
Cholangitis, Hepatic fibrosis, Cholelithiasis, Cholesterol gallstones, Elevated circulating alkal... OMIM:600803
Congenital Analbuminemia
Hypoproteinemia, Hyperlipidemia, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypoalbuminemia, Increased alpha-globulin ORPHA:86816
Kaufman Oculocerebrofacial Syndrome
Hypocholesterolemia OMIM:244450
Abdominal Obesity-Metabolic Syndrome 3
Hypercholesterolemia OMIM:615812
Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome
Hypocholesterolemia, Cholestatic liver disease, Elevated 7-dehydrocholesterol OMIM:270400
Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Increased LDL cholesterol concentration, Hepatic steatosis, Hypercholesterolemia, Hyperlipidemia ORPHA:391665

Histopathology

Summary table of phenotypes displayed during the Histopathology procedure which are considered significant. Full histopathology data table, including submitted images, can be accessed by clicking any row in this table.

There is no histopathology data for Pcsk9

IMPC related publications

The table below lists publications which used either products generated by the IMPC or data produced by the phenotyping efforts of the IMPC. These publications have also been associated to Pcsk9.

There are 1 publication which use IMPC produced mice or data.

Title Journal IMPC Allele PubMed ID
Secretion of the epithelial sodium channel chaperone PCSK9 from the cortical collecting duct links sodium retention with hypercholesterolemia in nephrotic syndrome. Kidney international (August 2020) Pcsk9tm2c(EUCOMM)Hmgu 32750454

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MGI Allele Allele Type Produced
Pcsk9tm2e(EUCOMM)Hmgu Targeted, non-conditional allele ES Cells
Pcsk9tm2a(EUCOMM)Hmgu KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Mice, Targeting vectors, ES Cells
Pcsk9tm2b(EUCOMM)Hmgu Reporter-tagged deletion allele (with selection cassette) Mice
Pcsk9tm39136(L1L2_st0) KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Targeting vectors

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