Not currently registered for phenotyping at IMPC

Phenotyping is currently not planned for a knockout strain of this gene.

Gene Summary

interleukin 34

IMPC Data Collections

  • No Body Weight Data
  • No Embryo Imaging Data
  • No Viability Data

IMPC Phenotype Summary

Not Significant
Not tested


The IMPC applies a panel of phenotyping screens to characterise single-gene knockout mice by comparison to wild types. Click on the different tabs to visualise significant phenotypes identified by the IMPC, as well as all data that was measured.

lacZ Expression

Expression data not available

Associated Images

Images submitted by IMPC centres for a selection of procedures. Each set of images is available to view in our image comparator.

Phenotype associated images not available

Human diseases caused by Il34 mutations

The analysis uses data from IMPC, along with published data on other mouse mutants, in comparison to human disease reports in OMIM, Orphanet, and DECIPHER.

Phenotype comparisons summarize the similarity of mouse phenotypes with human disease phenotypes.

No human diseases associated to this gene by orthology or annotation.

The table below shows human diseases predicted to be associated to Il34 by phenotypic similarity.

Disease Similarity of
Matching phenotypes Source
T-B+ Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Due To Gamma Chain Deficiency
Sepsis, Recurrent opportunistic infections, Recurrent herpes, Severe recurrent varicella, Decreas... ORPHA:276
Histiocytosis, Familial Lipochrome
Increased circulating antibody level, Recurrent infections, Histiocytosis OMIM:235900
Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase Deficiency
Recurrent bacterial infections, Sinusitis, Recurrent opportunistic infections, Pneumonia, Neutrop... OMIM:613179
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency With Sensitivity To Ionizing Radiation
Absent tonsils, Pneumonia, Lymph node hypoplasia, Aplasia of the thymus, Recurrent upper respirat... OMIM:602450
Agammaglobulinemia, X-Linked
Sinusitis, Enteroviral hepatitis, Agammaglobulinemia, Infectious encephalitis, Enteroviral dermat... OMIM:300755
Immunodeficiency, X-Linked, With Magnesium Defect, Epstein-Barr Virus Infection, And Neoplasia
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection, Severe varicella zoster infection, Mediastinal lymph... OMIM:300853
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, Autosomal Recessive, T Cell-Negative, B Cell-Positive, Nk Cell-Positive
Eczema, Recurrent opportunistic infections, Pneumonia, Failure to thrive secondary to recurrent i... OMIM:608971
Immunodeficiency 14A, Autosomal Dominant
Decreased specific pneumococcal antibody level, Increased proportion of transitional B cells, Dec... OMIM:615513
Immunodeficiency 75
Decreased proportion of class-switched memory B cells, Bronchiectasis, Lymphadenopathy, Hepatospl... OMIM:619126
Benign Cephalic Histiocytosis
Inflammatory abnormality of the skin, Skin rash, Histiocytosis ORPHA:157997
Immunodeficiency 52
Bronchiectasis, Coombs-positive hemolytic anemia, Increased proportion of gamma-delta T cells, Ly... OMIM:617514
Immunodeficiency 78 With Autoimmunity And Developmental Delay
Fluctuating splenomegaly, Neutropenia in presence of anti-neutropil antibodies, Lymphadenopathy, ... OMIM:619220
Lymphoproliferative Syndrome 3
Severe varicella zoster infection, Lymphadenopathy, Decreased circulating antibody level, Recurre... OMIM:618261
Immunodeficiency 72 With Autoinflammation
Herpes simplex encephalitis, Increased B cell count, Increased proportion of memory T cells, Bron... OMIM:618982
Candidiasis, Familial, 2
Lymphadenopathy, Chronic oral candidiasis, Chronic tinea infection, Onychomycosis, Increased circ... OMIM:212050
Immunodeficiency With Hyper-Igm, Type 3
Recurrent bacterial infections, Neutropenia, Decreased circulating IgA level, Decreased circulati... OMIM:606843
Neutropenia-Monocytopenia-Deafness Syndrome
Abnormal macrophage morphology, Abnormality of neutrophils ORPHA:2690
Griscelli Syndrome, Type 2
Recurrent bacterial infections, Reduced delayed hypersensitivity, Hepatosplenomegaly, Hemophagocy... OMIM:607624
Immunodeficiency 73C With Defective Neutrophil Chemotaxis And Hypogammaglobulinemia
B lymphocytopenia, Decreased circulating IgG level, Abnormally low T cell receptor excision circl... OMIM:618987
Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 2
Inflammation of the large intestine, Folliculitis, Colitis, Decreased circulating antibody level,... OMIM:300635
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Due To Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency
Absent tonsils, B lymphocytopenia, Sinusitis, Inflammatory abnormality of the skin, Recurrent opp... ORPHA:277
Lymphoproliferative Syndrome 2
Sepsis, Severe varicella zoster infection, Pancytopenia, Lymphadenopathy, Decreased circulating a... OMIM:615122
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia-Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia-Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lymphadenopathy, Recurrent otitis media, Hepatitis, Splenomegaly, Autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Ly... ORPHA:444463
Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 1
Infectious encephalitis, Neutropenia, Pancytopenia, Lymphadenopathy, Decreased circulating IgG le... OMIM:308240
Immunodeficiency With Hyper-Igm, Type 4
Recurrent bacterial infections, Recurrent infection of the gastrointestinal tract, Bronchiectasis... OMIM:608184
Immunodeficiency, Common Variable, 1
Recurrent bacterial infections, B lymphocytopenia, Decreased proportion of class-switched memory ... OMIM:607594
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis, Familial, 5, With Or Without Microvillus Inclusion Disease
Lymphadenopathy, Decreased circulating antibody level, Anemia, Abnormal natural killer cell physi... OMIM:613101
Ras-Associated Autoimmune Leukoproliferative Disorder
Neutropenia, Monocytosis, Leukemia, Recurrent infections, Splenomegaly, Increased circulating ant... OMIM:614470
Immunodeficiency With Hyper-Igm, Type 2
Recurrent infection of the gastrointestinal tract, Recurrent bacterial infections, Decreased circ... OMIM:605258
Ataxia-Pancytopenia Syndrome
Hypoplastic anemia, Decreased circulating antibody level, Acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Splenome... ORPHA:2585
Immunodeficiency 76
B lymphocytopenia, Colitis, Lymphadenopathy, Splenomegaly, Recurrent pneumonia, Lymphopenia, Recu... OMIM:619164
Immunodeficiency 7
Lymphadenopathy, Hypereosinophilia, Recurrent infections OMIM:615387
Immunodeficiency 64
Abnormal CD4:CD8 ratio, Mediastinal lymphadenopathy, Defective T cell proliferation, Bronchiectas... OMIM:618534
Meige Disease
Recurrent bacterial skin infections, Recurrent skin infections, Absence of lymph node germinal ce... ORPHA:90186
Caspase 8 Deficiency
Eczema, Recurrent herpes, Pneumonia, Decreased circulating IgA level, Recurrent sinopulmonary inf... OMIM:607271
Periodic Fever, Immunodeficiency, And Thrombocytopenia Syndrome
Abnormal CD4:CD8 ratio, B lymphocytopenia, Neutropenia, Bronchiectasis, Lymphadenopathy, Chronic ... OMIM:150550
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type B
Recurrent respiratory infections, Bone-marrow foam cells, Sea-blue histiocytosis, Splenomegaly OMIM:607616
Immunodeficiency 73B With Defective Neutrophil Chemotaxis And Lymphopenia
Sepsis, Severe varicella zoster infection, Neutropenia, Hepatosplenomegaly, Pancytopenia, Monocyt... OMIM:618986
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis, Familial, 3
Reduced natural killer cell activity, Anemia, Hepatosplenomegaly, Granulocytopenia, Hemophagocytosis OMIM:608898
Combined Immunodeficiency Due To Zap70 Deficiency
Recurrent opportunistic infections, Stomatitis, Lymphadenopathy, Recurrent upper and lower respir... ORPHA:911
Immunodeficiency, Common Variable, 2
Recurrent bacterial infections, Conjunctivitis, Recurrent bronchitis, Decreased circulating IgA l... OMIM:240500
T-B+ Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Due To Il-7Ralpha Deficiency
Neutropenia, Lymphadenopathy, Recurrent infections, Decreased proportion of CD3-positive T cells,... ORPHA:169154
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 1
Recurrent E. coli infections, Eczematoid dermatitis, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphadenitis, Discoid lupu... OMIM:233700
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 2
Recurrent E. coli infections, Eczematoid dermatitis, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphadenitis, Discoid lupu... OMIM:233710
Sea-Blue Histiocyte Disease
Thrombocytopenia, Sea-blue histiocytosis, Splenomegaly OMIM:269600
Immune Dysregulation With Autoimmunity, Immunodeficiency, And Lymphoproliferation
Sepsis, Eczema, Psoriasiform dermatitis, Bronchiectasis, Decreased circulating IgA level, Lymphad... OMIM:616100
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 4
Recurrent E. coli infections, Eczematoid dermatitis, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphadenitis, Discoid lupu... OMIM:233690
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, X-Linked
Recurrent E. coli infections, Eczematoid dermatitis, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphadenitis, Discoid lupu... OMIM:306400
Immunodeficiency 27A
Leukocytosis, Thrombocytosis, Enlarged mesenteric lymph node, Pneumonia, Lymphadenopathy, Salmone... OMIM:209950
Selective Igm Deficiency
Sepsis, Severe varicella zoster infection, Non-infectious meningitis, Recurrent herpes, Neutropen... ORPHA:331235
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency, Type Iii
Recurrent bacterial infections, Sepsis, Leukocytosis, Anemia, Abnormality of the lymph nodes, Spl... OMIM:612840
Thymic Aplasia
Sinusitis, Sepsis, Lymphadenopathy, Chronic otitis media, Recurrent infections, Recurrent candida... ORPHA:83471
Omenn Syndrome
Recurrent bacterial infections, B lymphocytopenia, Erythroderma, Pneumonia, Lymphadenopathy, Recu... OMIM:603554
Immunodeficiency With Hyper-Igm, Type 1
Sepsis, Neutropenia, Stomatitis, Hepatitis, Splenomegaly, Dysgammaglobulinemia, Hemolytic anemia,... OMIM:308230
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, Autosomal Recessive, T Cell-Negative, B Cell-Positive, Nk Cell-Negative
Impaired lymphocyte transformation with phytohemagglutinin, Pneumonia, Cutaneous anergy, Recurren... OMIM:600802
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 5
Eczema, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphadenitis, Abscess, Recurrent infections, Onychomycosis, Splenomegal... OMIM:618935
Hemophagocytic Syndrome Associated With An Infection
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection, Abnormal inflammatory response, Abnormal cytokine si... ORPHA:158048
Macrophage Activation Syndrome
Increased circulating interleukin 6, Neutropenia, Lymphadenopathy, Hepatitis, Anemia, Splenomegal... ORPHA:158061
Immunodeficiency 71 With Inflammatory Disease And Congenital Thrombocytopenia
Inflammation of the large intestine, Decreased mean platelet volume, Lymphadenopathy, Recurrent i... OMIM:617718
X-Linked Lymphoproliferative Disease
Myocarditis, Inflammation of the large intestine, Lymphadenopathy, Decreased circulating antibody... ORPHA:2442
Leukopenia, Lymphadenopathy, Rhinitis, Anemia, Splenomegaly, Abnormal macrophage morphology, Incr... ORPHA:507
Infection-Related Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Brain abscess, Leukocytosis, Myocarditis, Increased circulating interleukin 6, Pneumonia, Acute c... ORPHA:544482


Summary table of phenotypes displayed during the Histopathology procedure which are considered significant. Full histopathology data table, including submitted images, can be accessed by clicking any row in this table.

There is no histopathology data for Il34

IMPC related publications

The table below lists publications which used either products generated by the IMPC or data produced by the phenotyping efforts of the IMPC. These publications have also been associated to Il34.

There are 12 publications which use IMPC produced mice or data.

Title Journal IMPC Allele PubMed ID
Negative feedback control of neuronal activity by microglia. Nature (September 2020) Il34tm1c(EUCOMM)Wtsi 32999463
Limited proliferation capacity of aortic intima resident macrophages requires monocyte recruitment for atherosclerotic plaque progression. Nature immunology (September 2020) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC7502558
Peripheral nerve resident macrophages share tissue-specific programming and features of activated microglia. Nature communications (May 2020) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC7242366
CSF-1 controls cerebellar microglia and is required for motor function and social interaction. The Journal of experimental medicine (July 2019) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC6781012
Microglial Function Is Distinct in Different Anatomical Locations during Retinal Homeostasis and Degeneration. Immunity (March 2019) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi 30850344
IL-34-Dependent Intrarenal and Systemic Mechanisms Promote Lupus Nephritis in MRL-Faslpr Mice. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN (January 2019) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC6362618
A Liver Capsular Network of Monocyte-Derived Macrophages Restricts Hepatic Dissemination of Intraperitoneal Bacteria by Neutrophil Recruitment. Immunity (August 2017) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi 28813662
A neuroprotective role for microglia in prion diseases. The Journal of experimental medicine (May 2016) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC4886355
Nonredundant roles of keratinocyte-derived IL-34 and neutrophil-derived CSF1 in Langerhans cell renewal in the steady state and during inflammation. European journal of immunology (December 2015) Il34tm1c(EUCOMM)Wtsi Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC5658206
IL-34 mediates acute kidney injury and worsens subsequent chronic kidney disease. The Journal of clinical investigation (June 2015) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC4563757
Stroma-derived interleukin-34 controls the development and maintenance of langerhans cells and the maintenance of microglia. Immunity (November 2012) Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC4291117
IL-34 is a tissue-restricted ligand of CSF1R required for the development of Langerhans cells and microglia. Nature immunology (June 2012) Il34tm1c(EUCOMM)Wtsi Il34tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi Il34tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi PMC3941469

Order Mouse and ES Cells

All available products are supplied via our member's centres or partnerships. When ordering a product from the IMPC you will be redirected to one of their websites or prompted to start an email.

This service may be affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. See how

MGI Allele Allele Type Produced
Il34tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Targeting vectors, ES Cells
Il34tm1e(EUCOMM)Wtsi Targeted, non-conditional allele ES Cells
Il34tm45791(L1L2_st1) KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Targeting vectors

The IMPC Newsletter

Get highlights of the most important data releases, news and events, delivered straight to your email inbox

Subscribe to newsletter