Gene Summary

Name:
peptidyl arginine deiminase, type II
Synonyms:
PAD type II,  Pdi,  Pdi2

IMPC Data Collections

IMPC Phenotype Summary

Significant
Not Significant
Not tested

Phenotypes

The IMPC applies a panel of phenotyping screens to characterise single-gene knockout mice by comparison to wild types. Click on the different tabs to visualise significant phenotypes identified by the IMPC, as well as all data that was measured.

Phenotype System Allele Zyg Sex Life Stage P Value
preweaning lethality, incomplete penetrance Padi2tm1b(KOMP)Wtsi HOM   Early adult 0.00
increased circulating alanine transaminase level Padi2tm1b(KOMP)Wtsi HET Early adult 2.04×10-05

Download data as:  TSV  XLS

Select physiological systems to view:
Viewing: all phenotypes
Select physiological systems to view:
Viewing: all phenotypes

lacZ Expression

An assay measuring the expression of lacZ shows the tissue where the gene is expressed.

Anatomy Images Zygosity Mutant Expr
Harderian gland  Section images heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Midbrain  Section images heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Parotid gland  Section images heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Spinal cord  Section images heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Sublingual gland  Section images heterozygote 100% (2 of 2)
Submandibular gland  Section images heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Testis  Section images heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Uterus  Section images heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Vas deferens  Section images heterozygote 50% (1 of 2)
Adrenal gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Aorta N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Blood N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Bone marrow N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Brain N/A heterozygote Not available
Brainstem N/A heterozygote Not available
Brown adipose tissue N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cartilage tissue N/A heterozygote Not available
Cecum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cerebellum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Cerebral cortex N/A heterozygote Not available
Chest bone N/A heterozygote Not available
Colon N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Diaphragm N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Duodenum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Epididymis N/A heterozygote Not available
Esophagus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Eye N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Gall bladder N/A heterozygote Not available
Gonadal fat pad N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Heart N/A heterozygote Not available
Hindlimb N/A heterozygote Not available
Hippocampus N/A heterozygote Not available
Hypothalamus N/A heterozygote Not available
Ileum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Jejunum N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Kidney N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Large intestine N/A heterozygote Not available
Liver N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Lower urinary tract N/A heterozygote Not available
Lung N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Lymph node N/A heterozygote Not available
Mammary gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Mesenteric adipose tissue N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Mesenteric lymph node N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Olfactory lobe N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Ovary N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Oviduct N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Pancreas N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Parathyroid gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Penis N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Peripheral nervous system N/A heterozygote Not available
Peyer's patch N/A heterozygote Not available
Pituitary gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Prostate gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Quadriceps N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Sciatic nerve N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Skeletal muscle N/A heterozygote Not available
Skin N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Small intestine N/A heterozygote Not available
Spleen N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Stomach pyloric region N/A heterozygote Not available
Stomach N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Striatum N/A heterozygote Not available
Thymus N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Thyroid gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Tongue N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Trachea N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Trigeminal V nerve N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Urinary bladder N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Vagina N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
Vascular system N/A heterozygote Not available
Vesicular gland N/A heterozygote 0.0% (0 of 2)
White adipose tissue N/A heterozygote Not available
No Embryo expression data was found for this gene.

Background staining occurs in wild type mice and embryos at an incidental rate.

Anatomy Background staining in controls (WT)
adrenal gland 0.68% (4 of 584)
aorta 0.17% (1 of 584)
blood 0.0%
bone marrow 0.0%
brain 0.68% (4 of 584)
brainstem 0.34% (2 of 584)
brown adipose tissue 0.0%
cartilage tissue 0.17% (1 of 584)
cecum 2.97% (11 of 370)
cerebellum 0.51% (3 of 584)
cerebral cortex 0.34% (2 of 584)
chest bone Unavailable
colon 8.73% (11 of 126)
diaphragm 0.0%
duodenum 0.79% (1 of 126)
epididymis 12.78% (17 of 133)
esophagus 1.72% (7 of 408)
eye 0.0%
gall bladder 0.0%
gonadal fat pad 0.0%
harderian gland 0.0%
heart 0.34% (2 of 584)
hindlimb 0.0%
hippocampus 0.51% (3 of 584)
hypothalamus 0.34% (2 of 584)
ileum 10.32% (13 of 126)
jejunum 3.97% (5 of 126)
kidney 3.6% (21 of 584)
large intestine 1.71% (10 of 584)
liver 0.0%
lower urinary tract 0.17% (1 of 584)
lung 0.34% (2 of 584)
lymph node 0.17% (1 of 584)
mammary gland 0.0%
mesenteric adipose tissue 0.0%
mesenteric lymph node 0.0%
midbrain 0.0%
olfactory lobe 0.34% (2 of 584)
ovary 0.17% (1 of 584)
oviduct 0.0%
pancreas 0.86% (5 of 584)
parathyroid gland 0.18% (1 of 562)
parotid gland 0.0%
penis 0.0%
peripheral nervous system 0.34% (2 of 584)
peyers patch 0.0%
pituitary gland 0.17% (1 of 584)
prostate gland 2.05% (12 of 584)
quadriceps 0.0%
sciatic nerve 0.0%
skeletal muscle 0.0%
skin 0.17% (1 of 584)
small intestine 1.54% (9 of 584)
spinal cord 0.51% (3 of 584)
spleen 0.51% (3 of 584)
stomach 2.05% (12 of 584)
stomach pyloric region 0.0%
striatum 0.51% (3 of 584)
sublingual gland 0.0%
submandibular gland 1.53% (2 of 131)
testis 1.03% (6 of 584)
thymus 0.17% (1 of 584)
thyroid gland 2.74% (16 of 584)
tongue 3.97% (5 of 126)
trachea 0.51% (3 of 584)
trigeminal v nerve 0.0%
urinary bladder 0.0%
uterus 0.0%
vagina 0.0%
vas deferens 3.67% (14 of 381)
vascular system 0.0%
vesicular gland 0.0%
white adipose tissue 0.0%
No Embryo expression data was found for this gene.

Associated Images

Images submitted by IMPC centres for a selection of procedures. Each set of images is available to view in our image comparator.

Adult LacZ

LacZ Images Section

24 Images

Human diseases caused by Padi2 mutations

The analysis uses data from IMPC, along with published data on other mouse mutants, in comparison to human disease reports in OMIM, Orphanet, and DECIPHER.

Phenotype comparisons summarize the similarity of mouse phenotypes with human disease phenotypes.

No human diseases associated to this gene by orthology or annotation.

The table below shows human diseases predicted to be associated to Padi2 by phenotypic similarity.

Disease Similarity of
phenotypes
Matching phenotypes Source
Pseudoxanthomatous Diffuse Cutaneous Mastocytosis
Cutaneous mastocytosis ORPHA:280794
Muscle Cramps, Familial
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:158400
Cramps, Familial Adolescent
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:218050
Autoimmune Disease
Autoimmunity, Autoimmune antibody positivity OMIM:109100
Complement Component 4, Partial Deficiency Of
Systemic lupus erythematosus OMIM:120790
Hemochromatosis, Type 5
Increased circulating ferritin concentration OMIM:615517
Plasma Fibronectin Deficiency
Reduced circulating fibronectin level OMIM:614101
Pemphigus Vulgaris, Familial
Autoimmunity, Autoimmune antibody positivity OMIM:169610
Carbimazole Sensitivity
Drug-induced agranulocytosis OMIM:212060
Pentosuria
Abnormality of circulating enzyme level, Abnormal circulating carbohydrate concentration ORPHA:2843
Hashimoto Thyroiditis
Hashimoto thyroiditis, Autoimmune antibody positivity OMIM:140300
Tn Polyagglutination Syndrome
Autoimmunity OMIM:300622
Neutrophil Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Leukocytosis, Abnormality of neutrophil physiology ORPHA:183707
Granulomatous disease with defect in neutrophil chemotaxis
Impaired neutrophil killing of staphylococci OMIM:233670
Complement Component 8 Deficiency, Type I
Systemic lupus erythematosus OMIM:613790
Specific Granule Deficiency 1
Absent neutrophil specific granules, Increased neutrophil mitochondria, Increased neutrophil ribo... OMIM:245480
Lupus Erythematosus Tumidus
Anti-dsDNA antibody positivity, Anti-La/SS-B antibody positivity, Autoimmune antibody positivity,... ORPHA:90283
Undritz Anomaly
Hypersegmentation of neutrophil nuclei OMIM:191500
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 16
Systemic lupus erythematosus OMIM:614420
Vacuolar Myopathy With Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Protein Aggregates
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration ORPHA:88635
Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Autoimmune
Platelet antibody positive OMIM:188030
Complement Component C1S Deficiency
Systemic lupus erythematosus, Hashimoto thyroiditis OMIM:613783
C1Q Deficiency
Autoimmunity, Systemic lupus erythematosus OMIM:613652
Indolent Systemic Mastocytosis
Increased proportion of CD25+ mast cells, Abnormal mast cell morphology, Mastocytosis, Splenomegaly ORPHA:98848
Complement Component 2 Deficiency
Systemic lupus erythematosus OMIM:217000
Cutaneous Mastocytoma
Cutaneous mastocytosis ORPHA:79455
Mastocytosis, Cutaneous
Cutaneous mastocytosis OMIM:154800
Mast Cell Sarcoma
Mastocytosis, Splenomegaly ORPHA:66661
Masp2 Deficiency
Systemic lupus erythematosus OMIM:613791
Alopecia Areata 1
Autoimmunity OMIM:104000
Erythrocyte Lactate Transporter Defect
Elevated circulating creatine kinase concentration OMIM:245340
Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid
Autoimmunity ORPHA:46486
Bullous Diffuse Cutaneous Mastocytosis
Cutaneous mastocytosis ORPHA:280785
Eosinophilopenia
Autoimmunity OMIM:131430
Aggressive Systemic Mastocytosis
Increased proportion of CD25+ mast cells, Leukocytosis, Neutropenia, Pancytopenia, Thrombocytopen... ORPHA:98850
Focal Facial Dermal Dysplasia Type Iv
Abnormal mast cell morphology ORPHA:398189
Diabetes Mellitus, Ketosis-Prone
Autoimmunity OMIM:612227
Immunodeficiency 73A With Defective Neutrophil Chemotaxis And Leukocytosis
Leukocytosis, Impaired oxidative burst, Abnormally low T cell receptor excision circle level, Imp... OMIM:608203
Complement Component C1R/C1S Deficiency
Autoimmunity OMIM:216950
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia-Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia-Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Autoimmunity ORPHA:444463
Systemic Mastocytosis With Associated Hematologic Neoplasm
Myeloid leukemia, Leukocytosis, Chronic lymphatic leukemia, Normocytic anemia, Thrombocytopenia, ... ORPHA:98849
T-Cell Receptor-Alpha/Beta Deficiency
Autoimmunity OMIM:615387
Pulmonary Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia, Familial
Rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Antinuclear antibody positivity OMIM:178610
Cutaneous Mastocytosis, Conductive Hearing Loss And Microtia
Cutaneous mastocytosis OMIM:248910
Immunoglobulin A Deficiency 2
Autoimmunity OMIM:609529
Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome
Autoimmunity, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Autoimmune antibody positivity ORPHA:411593
X-Linked Lymphoproliferative Disease
Lymphocytosis, Pancytopenia, Histiocytosis, Increased B cell count, Increased proportion of CD25+... ORPHA:2442
Immunodeficiency 81
Decreased proportion of class-switched memory B cells, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Reduced natur... OMIM:619374
Immunodeficiency 63 With Lymphoproliferation And Autoimmunity
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Autoimmunity OMIM:618495
Immunoglobulin A Deficiency 1
Autoimmunity OMIM:137100
Diffuse Cutaneous Mastocytosis
Leukemia, Cutaneous mastocytosis ORPHA:79456
Maculopapular Cutaneous Mastocytosis
Cutaneous mastocytosis ORPHA:79457
Secondary Non-Traumatic Avascular Necrosis
Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus ORPHA:399180
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, Cold Type
Autoimmunity ORPHA:228312
Sjogren Syndrome
Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid arthritis OMIM:270150
Mastocytosis
Acute leukemia, Chronic leukemia, Mastocytosis, Splenomegaly ORPHA:98292
Ch├ędiak-Higashi Syndrome
Increased proportion of CD25+ mast cells, Hemophagocytosis, Vacuolated lymphocytes, Abnormal natu... ORPHA:167
Alpha-Fetoprotein, Hereditary Persistence Of
Elevated alpha-fetoprotein OMIM:615970
Febrile Infection-Related Epilepsy Syndrome
Autoimmunity ORPHA:163703
Linear Iga Dermatosis
Autoimmunity ORPHA:46488
Combined Immunodeficiency Due To Partial Rag1 Deficiency
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Neutropenia in presence of anti-neutropil antibodies, Autoimmunity ORPHA:231154
Autoimmune Disease, Multisystem, Infantile-Onset, 2
Autoimmunity OMIM:617006
Hennekam-Beemer Syndrome
Mastocytosis ORPHA:2135
Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Iic
Neutrophilia, Reduction of neutrophil motility OMIM:266265
Necrobiosis Lipoidica
Abnormality of neutrophil physiology, Granuloma ORPHA:542592
Subcorneal Pustular Dermatosis
Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus ORPHA:48377
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Autoimmunity OMIM:222100
Hemolytic Anemia, Nonspherocytic, Due To Glucose Phosphate Isomerase Deficiency
Nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, Impaired neutrophil bactericidal activity, Spontaneous hemolytic... OMIM:613470
Immunodeficiency 22
Autoimmunity OMIM:615758
Unclassified Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Autoimmunity ORPHA:98827
Mixed-Type Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Autoimmunity ORPHA:90036
Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage
Antineutrophil antibody positivity, Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid factor positive, Antiphospholipid an... ORPHA:90060
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 5
Hemolytic anemia, Lymphopenia, Impaired oxidative burst, Granuloma, Perianal abscess, Splenomegal... OMIM:618935
Chediak-Higashi Syndrome
Hemophagocytosis, Abnormal dense granules, Impaired neutrophil bactericidal activity, Neutropenia... OMIM:214500
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, Warm Type
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Autoimmunity ORPHA:90033
Bullous Pemphigoid
Autoimmunity ORPHA:703
Syndromic Multisystem Autoimmune Disease Due To Itch Deficiency
Anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody positivity, Antineutrophil antibody positivity, Autoimmunity, Ne... ORPHA:228426
Oligoarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Antinuclear antibody positivity ORPHA:85410
Pemphigus Vulgaris
Autoimmunity ORPHA:704
Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase Deficiency
Autoimmunity, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Autoimmune thrombocytopenia ORPHA:760
Systemic-Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Autoimmunity, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ORPHA:85414
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Due To Dclre1C Deficiency
Autoimmunity, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto thyroiditis ORPHA:275
Autoimmune Disease, Multisystem, Infantile-Onset, 1
Autoimmunity, Neutropenia in presence of anti-neutropil antibodies, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, ... OMIM:615952
Gamma-Heavy Chain Disease
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Rheumatoid arthritis, Autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Autoimmunity ORPHA:100026
Alpha-Fetoprotein Deficiency
Decreased levels of alpha-fetoprotein OMIM:615969
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 1
Impaired oxidative burst, Rectal abscess, Splenomegaly, Liver abscess, Granulomatosis OMIM:233700
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 2
Impaired oxidative burst, Rectal abscess, Splenomegaly, Liver abscess, Granulomatosis OMIM:233710
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Autosomal Recessive, 4
Impaired oxidative burst, Rectal abscess, Splenomegaly, Liver abscess, Granulomatosis OMIM:233690
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, X-Linked
Impaired oxidative burst, Rectal abscess, Splenomegaly, Liver abscess, Granulomatosis OMIM:306400
Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy Type 3
Autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Autoimmun... ORPHA:227982
Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy Type 4
Autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Autoimmunity, Rheumatoid arthritis, Autoimmune antibody positivity, ... ORPHA:227990
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency
Impaired platelet aggregation, Thrombocytosis, Leukocytosis, Polycythemia, Impaired neutrophil ch... ORPHA:2968

Histopathology

Summary table of phenotypes displayed during the Histopathology procedure which are considered significant. Full histopathology data table, including submitted images, can be accessed by clicking any row in this table.

There is no histopathology data for Padi2

IMPC related publications

The table below lists publications which used either products generated by the IMPC or data produced by the phenotyping efforts of the IMPC. These publications have also been associated to Padi2.

There are 1 publication which use IMPC produced mice or data.

Title Journal IMPC Allele PubMed ID
PAD2-Mediated Citrullination Contributes to Efficient Oligodendrocyte Differentiation and Myelination. Cell reports (April 2019) Padi2tm1a(KOMP)Wtsi PMC6486480

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MGI Allele Allele Type Produced
Padi2tm1a(KOMP)Wtsi KO first allele (reporter-tagged insertion with conditional potential) Mice, Targeting vectors, ES Cells
Padi2tm1b(KOMP)Wtsi Reporter-tagged deletion allele (post-Cre) Mice, Tissue

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